A head injury is any damage to the brain, skull, or scalp. They can range from severe to minor, but knowing the severity isn’t as simple as just a quick look. Head injuries should be properly assessed by a medical professional to ensure proper treatment and no risks of complications. There are two types of head injuries, penetrating and nonpenetrating:
- Penetrating head injury: This type of head injury occurs when an object penetrates the skull into the brain tissue. Stabbings, gunshot wounds, shards of glass, or debris from a car accident can all break through the skull. A penetrating head injury can also occur due to a fractured skull driving bone fragments into the brain. Penetrating head injuries are severe and require immediate medical attention.
- Non-penetrating head injury: Non-penetrating head injuries still cause damage to the brain but with no direct impact. It’s the force of impact from a fall, sports injury, or motor vehicle accident that causes this type of head injury.