The type and severity of a brain injury will directly impact the amount of compensation a car accident victim can collect, as the cost of medical treatment and the impact on the victim's life are greater for more severe injuries. In addition to brain bleeds and brain swelling after a car accident, the following are some of the most common types of crash-related brain and head injuries:
- Concussion. A mild form of TBI that usually resolves within a few days or weeks – but can also lead to long-term consequences.
- Contusion. A bruise on the brain caused by a direct impact to the head.
- Second-impact syndrome. A rare but life-threatening condition that occurs when a person sustains another concussion before a previous concussion has fully healed.
- Hematoma. A collection of blood outside the blood vessels causes pressure on the brain.
- Coup-contrecoup injury. A brain injury caused by the brain moving rapidly back and forth within the skull.
- Brain stem injury. An injury to the brain stem, which controls many of the body’s basic functions.
- Hemorrhage. A type of bleeding that occurs within the brain tissue.
- Diffuse axonal injury (DAI). A severe brain injury caused by rotational forces that shear the axons, or nerve fibers, in the brain.
- Penetration injury. A brain injury caused by an object penetrating the brain, whether a foreign object (such as a piece of metal) or fragments of bone from a skull fracture.
An experienced TBI lawyer has in-depth knowledge of the intricacies of these injuries, the medical treatments they typically require, and how to build a strong case the insurance companies cannot ignore.