Car accidents can result in various types of back injuries, depending on the force and impact of the collision. Common back and spinal injuries from car accidents include:
- Whiplash: Whiplash is a soft tissue injury that affects the neck and upper back. It occurs when the head is suddenly jerked forward and backward, causing strain on the neck muscles. It can also cause damage to ligaments and tendons in the upper back.
- Herniated disc: A herniated disc can occur when the soft, gel-like center of a spinal disc protrudes through the tougher outer layer. If the herniated disc presses on nearby nerves, it can cause back pain, numbness, and tingling.
- Compression fractures: Compression fractures involve the compression or collapse of vertebrae in the spine. Car accidents can cause severe back pain, reduced height, and spinal instability.
- Fractured vertebrae: In more severe collisions, the vertebrae in the spine can fracture or break. Fractures in the spine can be stable or unstable. Unstable fractures are more dangerous for the spinal cord.
- Lumbar sprains and strains: Sprains and strains in the lower back are common car accident injuries. The lower back can be suddenly twisted or jerked, resulting in pain, stiffness, and limited mobility.
- Spinal cord injuries: High-impact collisions can lead to spinal cord injuries, which can result in various degrees of paralysis, loss of sensation, and impaired bodily functions.