Children can sustain a variety of injuries in car accidents. The severity of these injuries can vary depending on the type of collision, the age and size of the child, and whether they were properly restrained in an appropriate car seat or seat belt.
Common injuries children may sustain in car accidents include:
- Whiplash and neck injuries: These injuries can occur when the child's head is suddenly jerked forward and then backward during a collision.
- Head injuries: These can range from minor concussions to more severe traumatic brain injuries. Children are at a higher risk of head injuries due to their proportionally larger heads and weaker neck muscles compared to adults.
- Chest injuries: These can include broken ribs, sternum injuries, and lung injuries from the impact of the seatbelt or airbags.
- Abdominal injuries: These injuries can result in damage to internal organs such as the liver, spleen, or intestines.
- Spinal cord injuries: While less common in children than in adults, severe car accidents can cause spinal cord injuries.
- Extremity injuries: Broken bones, cuts, and abrasions to the arms and legs are common in car accidents.
- Burns: In cases where a car catches fire or there's an explosion, children can sustain burns.